4 Most Common Types Of Residential Roofs You Need To Know About

types of residential roofs

4 Most Common Types Of Residential Roofs You Must Know About

As a team of roofing professionals, our customers often ask us for suggestions on which types of residential roofs to pick. We are sure most of you have landed on this article looking for an answer to the same question.

The four most common types of residential roofs are Shingled roofs, Metal roofs, Flat roofs, and Tiled roofs. Different types of roofs are used in different parts of the world depending upon several factors.

In this article we will learn about these four types of residential roofs in detail. We will also look into the pros and cons of each style and more.

What Is A Residential Roof?

Residential roof is nothing but the roofing system that is over any residential construction. It is a structure that covers the uppermost part of a home, including the rafters, trusses, and decking.

A residential roof is an essential component of any house, protecting the interior of the home from precipitation, wind, and other weather elements. It also provides insulation to keep the home warm or cool, depending on the season.

There are different types of residential roofs as they come in a variety of styles, shapes, and materials, each designed to meet specific architectural and climatic requirements.

There are different types of residential roofs, and each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will discuss the most common types of residential roofs, including shingles, metal roofing, flat roofs, and ceramic tiles.

Shingled Roofs

Shingled roofs are one of the most popular type of residential roof. Shingles are relatively affordable, durable, and easy to install, making them a common choice for homeowners. They are also versatile, and used on a wide range of roof designs, including steep or sloping roofs. They are made from a variety of materials, including asphalt, fiberglass, wood, and slate.

Types of Shingles used in Residential Roofing

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt Shingles are amongst the most common type of shingles, as they are affordable, durable, and easy to install. They come in a wide range of colors and styles, and they can be made to mimic the look of more expensive materials like wood or slate.

Fiberglass Shingles

As the name suggests Fiberglass shingles are made up of fiberglass which is lightweight and easy to install. They are manufractured by coating a fiberglass mat with asphalt and then embedding ceramic granules on top to protect against UV rays. Fiberglass shingles are more fire-resistant than asphalt shingles and tend to last longer.

Wood shingles

Wood shingles are another option for residential roofs. They are typically made from cedar or redwood and have a natural, rustic look. Wood shingles are expensive compared to asphalt or fiberglass shingles, but are more environmentally friendly and can last up to 50 years if properly maintained.

Slate shingles

Slate shingles are the most expensive type of shingle, but they are also the most durable once. They are made from natural stone and can last up to 100 years or more. Slate shingles are heavy and require special installation techniques, but they provide excellent protection against the elements and are fire-resistant.

Metal Roofing

Metal roofing is a renowned option for residential roofs because it is durable, energy-efficient, and environmentally friendly. Metal roofs are made from a variety of materials, including steel, aluminium, copper, and zinc. They come in a wide range of colors and styles, offering the homeowner several options to choose from.

However, one common drawback of metal roof is that its noisy. Meaning, its loud during rains, hail storms or even if an animal is walking on the roof. Although, measures can be taken to minimize the noise.

Types Of Metal Roofing Used As Residential Roofing

Steel Roofing

Steel roofing is the most popular type of metal roofing because it is affordable and durable. It is coated with zinc or aluminium to prevent rusting, and it can last up to 50 years or more with proper maintenance. Steel roofing is also energy-efficient because it reflects sunlight, which helps to keep the building cool in the summer.

Aluminum Roofing

Aluminum roofing is more expensive than steel roofing, but it is lightweight and resistant to corrosion. It can last up to four to five decades and is also energy-efficient because it reflects sunlight.

Copper Roofing

Copper roofing is the most expensive type of metal roofing, but it is also the most durable and long-lasting option. It can last up to a century or more with the right care and maintenance. It develops a natural patina over time that gives it a unique, rustic look.

Flat Roof

Flat roofs are typically used on commercial buildings. However, there is a growing trend of using these roofs on residential property.

Flat roofs are easy to install and can be less expensive than sloped roofs. They also provide additional outdoor space for things like rooftop gardens or patios. However, flat roofs require special installation techniques to prevent leaks and require regular maintenance.

Types Of Flat Roofs Used As Residential Roofing

Built-Up Roofs

Built-up roofs also known as BUR, are the most common type of flat roof used for residential homes. They are made by layering multiple layers of asphalt and felt together and then coating the surface with gravel or mineral granules to protect against UV rays.

Modified Bitumen Roofs

Modified bitumen roofs are another type of flat roof that is becoming more popular. They are made by layering a modified asphalt membrane over a base layer of felt. Modified bitumen roofs are more durable than BUR.

TPO (Thermoplastic Olefin) Roof

TPO roofs are made from a blend of rubber and plastic materials that are highly resistant to ultraviolet radiation, and other chemicals. They are available in large sheets that can be mechanically fastened, ballasted, or adhered to the roof surface.

Ceramic Tiled Roofs

Ceramic tiles are a type of residential roofing material made from clay. They are available in various colors and styles, including Spanish, Mission, and Mediterranean to name a few. Ceramic tiles are durable, fire-resistant, and energy-efficient, as they can help to regulate the temperature of the building.

Ceramic tiles can last up to 50 years or more with proper maintenance, but they are also more expensive than other types of roofing materials. They are heavy, hence you need to make sure that the structure of your house is strong enough to support the added weight. Also, they require special installation techniques, and break easily if walked on.

However, ceramic tiles are an excellent option for homeowners who want a long-lasting and attractive roof that requires little maintenance.


The bottom line is, there are different types of residential roofs available, and each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. When choosing a roofing material, homeowners should consider factors such as cost, durability, energy efficiency, and aesthetics.

It is also important to work with a reputable roofing contractor who can help to determine the best roofing material for the home and install it correctly to ensure the longevity of the roof.

If you are looking for a roofing partner to help you with your roofing system call us anytime we got you covered!

Leak-Stop is a one-stop destination to meet your roofing-related requirements. We offer roof repair, replacement, maintenance and inspection services all over GVRD (Greater Vancouver Regional District).

We offer a free inspection to first-time clients. Connect with us TODAY at 1 866 777 0084 for immediate assistance!

Share on facebook
Share on linkedin
Share on twitter
Share on whatsapp


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Derek Lindsay

Derek has been a part of the Roofing Industry for 20+ years. His experience in the field enables him to write insightful and informative content on Roofing and everything related to Roofing.